How to Use Zotero

Bite-size search strategies to help you become an expert searcher.


Information coming from Google Scholar, databases, catalogues and other Web sites may be incomplete or inaccurate when exported to your Zotero library. It is strongly recommended that you double-check your references and make any necessary modifications to ensure that the references will be complete when used in a bibliography.

  1. Click on a reference in your Zotero library
  2. Click on any field in the right column to make modifications (all of the fields can be edited such as title, authors, year, etc.)
  3. If you use a citation style that uses either Title Case or Sentence case for titles, Zotero offers a way to change case in the title field:
    • Hover over the title with the mouse and right-click
    • Click "Title Case" or "Sentence case"
    • When using Sentence case, if there is a subtitle or a proper noun in the title, you will need to capitalize these by clicking in the title field and making the appropriate changes manually

Complete Instructions


Task for learning: Identify two of your references in Zotero that have full-text attached. Compare the reference information in Zotero to the same information in the full-text PDF document. If there are any discrepancies, fix the reference information in Zotero.

Review question:

All Review Questions

If you have questions, or if you run into problems that the course does not address, e-mail the University of Ottawa Library at


This online course is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International license. Unless otherwise stated, it is attributed to Mish Boutet, and is based on handouts by Patrick Labelle (also under CC BY-NC-SA 4.0).

[How to Use Zotero online course updated: November 8, 2022]