Cartographic Resources

Topographic Maps

A topographic map is a detailed, accurate graphic representation of features that appear on the Earth's surface, including:

  • human-made (e.g., roads and railways, provincial and national parks, place names, municipal and township boundaries, lots and concessions)
  • natural (e.g., lakes and rivers, falls, rapids and rocks, wooded areas, wetlands)

Topographic map sheet for Quebec

Canadian Topographic Maps

1:50,000 & 1:250,000 Canadian Topographic Maps:

The most used Canadian topographic maps in the collection are the National Topographic System (NTS), 1:50,000 and 1:250,000 scale sets. The GSG Library was a full depository for these sets, meaning all current edition paper NTS maps at these scales are available. The GSG Library also holds many previous 1:50,000 editions (primarily Ontario & Québec) in our collection. As of April 2007, these are also available in digital format:

Historical Canadian Topographic Maps

Other print maps available are the discontinued Canadian Topographic Series Maps at the scales of 1:25,000, 1:125,000, and 1:126,700, 1:500,000 and 1:1,000,000 (International Map of the World). Coverage varies by set. Please consult the paper indexes filed at the GSG Library for specific details. Some of these are also available in digital format:

Foreign Topographic Maps