Geography, Geomatics, and Environmental Studies


Always ask your professor what style is required for your paper. It's important to stay consistent. Once you know what style to use, stick with it!

Citing Resources Found in the GSG Centre

Examples of citation

The following are some citation examples of cartographic products:

Map on a Single Sheet

Basic Form Example
Author. Title. Edition. Scale. Place of publication: Publisher, Date. Canada Center for Remote Sensing. Canada.  Scale 1:4,000,000.  Ottawa: Natural Resources Canada, GeoAccess Division, 2001.

Map in a Topographic Series

Basic Form Example
Author. Sheet title from the series. Edition. Scale. Series, sheet number. Place of publication: Publisher, Date. Natural Resources Canada. Ottawa, Ontario-Quebec. Edition 11.  Scale 1:50,000. Canada 1:50,000, 31 G/5. Ottawa: Center for Topographic Information, 1998.

Map in a Series (Not Topographic)

Basic Form Example
Author. Sheet title. Edition. Scale. Series title and/or number. Place of publication: Publisher, Date. Soil Research Institute (Canada). Ottawa, Quebec-Ontario. Scale 1:250,000. Canada Land Inventory, Land Capability for Forestry, 31G. Ottawa: Lands Directorate, 1973.

Aerial photographs

Basic Form Example
Author. Title or frame number(s). Scale. Flight title (if part of flight). Line/roll number. Photo number. Place of publication: Publisher, Date of image collection (NOT date of reproduction). Energy, Mines and Resources Canada.  Central Experiment Farm (A17150-9). Scale 1:16,350.  Ottawa: NAPL Reproduction Center, 1961.

Geospatial Data

Basic Form Example
Name of Data Producer. Title of Geospatial Product [format]. Date of data, if known. Name of person who generated map; Name of interactive site used to generate map; URL (generated date). DMTI Spatial Inc. Route File (RTE) - 2014. Generated by John Doe; using Scholars GeoPortal; (December 15, 2017).

General citation guidelines