Cross your Ts: 3 easy steps to becoming a Citation Guru

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APA Style guide

APA for Management

While it is a good idea to ask your professor which style they prefer, in Management, the most commonly used citation style is APA (American Psychological Association) 6th ed. The APA style uses the author-date system.

In text citations

Check out this sample paper for examples of in-text citations using APA.

Reference list examples


All of the sources you cite must be compiled into an alphabetical list of references and placed at the end of your paper. Below is a quick reference guide for some of the most commonly cited source types.

Journal articles:
Author's Last Name, Initials. (Year). Article Title. Journal Title, Volume number(Issue
number), page numbers.
*If the document is retrieved online include the doi or article URL
Rhee, K. S., & White, R. J. (2007). The emotional intelligence of entrepreneurs.
Journal of Small Business & Entrepreneurship, 20(4), 409-425. doi:10.1080/08276331.2007.10593408
Author's Last Name, Initials. (Year). Title. Location: Publisher.
Author's Last Name, Initials. (Year). Title. doi: XXXXXXXXX
Website author. (Year). Page Title. Retrieved from URL
*Check out this table describing how to cite when there is missing information.
Online slides:
Author's Last Name, Initials. (Year). Title of Presentation [PowerPoint slides]. Retrieved
from URL
Author's Last Name, Initials. (Year). Title. Location: Publisher.
Chapter in a textbook:
Author's Last Name, Initials. (Year). Title of chapter or entry. In Initials, Last Name (Ed.),
Title of book (pp. page numbers). Location: Publisher.
Author's Last Name, Initials. (Year). Title. In Initials. Last Name (Ed.), Course Code:
Course Title (pp. page numbers). City, Country: Printer. (Reprinted from Journal Title, Volume(Issue), page numbers).
Newspaper article:
Author's Last Name, Initials. (Year, Month Day). Title of article. Newspaper Title, pp. page
Entry in an online encylodedia or dictionary
Author's Last Name, Initials. (Year). Title. In Initials. Last Name (Ed.), Encyclopedia Name
(pp. page numbers). Retrieved from URL
If there is no author or date:
Title of entry. (n.d). In Encyclopedia name. Retrieved from URL

Creating your reference list

There are some general guidelines to follow when compiling your reference list in APA style.

- The reference list starts on a new page at the end of your work
- The word "References" appears centered at the top of the page
- Entries are arranged in alphabetical order by the author's last name
- Entries are double spaced
- The first line of each entry is flush with the margin, subsequent lines are indented as a group (hanging indent)

Presenting your paper

The APA manual also provides guidelines to follow for the presentation of your paper.

You can consult the APA manual (pages 41-59) for examples or check out this sample paper below.